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main image Horse engine house, Kilconquhar, Fife
Many horse engines were used to power threshing machines in Scotland. The first was built by the machine's inventor, Andrew Meikle, in 1787, at Phantassie, East Lothian.

Horse-engines had an earlier history too – dating back to at least the 16th century – in industries as diverse as coal mining and wool carding.

This horse engine house has an unusually high, steep roof, suggesting that it may have originally been thatched. Horses walking in a circle provided the power to drive a threshing machine in the adjacent barn.

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