Glasgow Digital Library Voyage of the Scotia BRUCE PEOPLE SHIP ANTARCTIC INDEX
Scotland and the Antarctic

Section 1: Background - Arctic and Antarctic ... Arctic exploration

The North Pole

Attempts were made in the nineteenth century to reach the North Pole. Some of the expeditions to find the Northwest Passage made attempts to reach as far north as possible.

The furthest North

1773
Horatio Nelson - 8040'N
1827
William Parry - 8245'N
1875
George Nares - 8320'N
1895
Fridjtof Nansen - 8616'N
1908
Frederick Cook - 90N
1909
Robert Peary - 90N
1926
Umberto Nobile on airship Norge with 14 companions (including Amundsen) flew from Svalbard to Alaska.
1968/69
Wally Herbert and three companions made the first crossing of the Arctic from Point Barrow to Svalbard
1958
First submarine at the North Pole (Nautilus, USA)
1977
First icebreaker at the North Pole (from Russia)

There is still much controversy over who was first at the North Pole. Although Cook claimed to be there in 1908 many did not believe him and the authorities accepted Peary as the first. Many people dispute this claim. The Norge is the only undisputed claim of an early visit to the North Pole.

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Glasgow Digital Library Voyage of the Scotia BRUCE PEOPLE SHIP ANTARCTIC INDEX