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Spade cultivation
Rigs and fields
Forestry and other first ploughing
main image Cultivation terraces, Arthur's Seat, Holyrood Park, Edinburgh
On slopes too steep to cultivate, land could be used to grow crops on terraces made of embanked soil.

Few examples exist in Scotland but these at Arthur's Seat are some of the best. Their age is uncertain, but they probably date from the late centuries BC or the early centuries AD.

The loch in the foreground and the road – known as the Queen's Drive – were built during the reign of Queen Victoria to add interest to her royal park.

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