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Planned villages and towns
New settlement
main image Lead-mining village, Wanlockhead, Dumfries-shire
Metalliferous mining created a few, sometimes transient settlements in rural areas.

An exception are the adjacent villages of Leadhills and Wanlockhead, in the heart of the southern Uplands, with a history spanning five centuries. Lead was the principal ore, and was smelted here, but small quantities of silver and gold were also found.

The rows in the middle distance are miners' houses. Mining ceased here in the 1930s, this photograph was taken in the early 20th century. Attempts have been made to re-start industry. Tourism may yet secure the village's future, with an on-site interpretation of its remarkable industrial heritage.

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