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Planned villages and towns
New settlement
main image Midlem, Bowden, Roxburghshire
Nucleated (i.e. clustered) villages were absent from most of Scotland until the 18th century, when many were planned and built. The main exception to this rule was the south east.

In the south east there had been villages for many centuries. Midlem is one of them. It consists of houses and their outbuildings set irregularly around a communual open space or village green.

Similar villages occur across the English border, in Northumberland. It has been suggested that their occurrence in Scotland may be the result of Anglian settlement.

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