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Planned villages and towns
New settlement
main image Brechin, Angus
This view is taken from John Slezer's 'Theatrum Scotiae', of 1693. It is from high ground to the south of the River Esk. The rigid urban-rural divide of more recent times was not then as sharp.

Burghs, such as Brechin, had their own agricultural lands and for smaller burghs the relationship was even closer. Slezer's view shows cultivated 'rigs' (ridges) on either side of the river. To the far right are the burgh's mills, where the land's produce was ground.

Burghs were also the location for markets, where agricultural produce was sold. Non-burghal markets were not fully established until the late 17th century.

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