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Romanticism and Historicism
Urban playground
main image The Black Wood of Rannoch, Perthshire
The native Caledonian pine forest once covered the lower slopes of the Highlands.

The Rannoch woods were being exploited by local sawmills from at least the 1660s. In the 1670s, Robertson of Strowan, a local landowner, was using the mills to saw 7-8,000 deals (planks) each year. By 1750, two mills were operating.

The best surviving fragments of the Caledonian pine forest now have protected status. Regeneration remains difficult and there are problems in limiting damage by red deer.

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