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Romanticism and Historicism
Urban playground
main image Covered midden, Haugh of Ballechin, Perthshire
One important element in the stewardship of land, involved the recycling of waste from livestock.

The manure derived from livestock was stored in a midden, usually in the open. It included both the excrement of animals and their bedding. Both were derived from organic matter grown on the farm.

This source of agricultural fertiliser was, latterly, only one of many. Most of them were from external sources and therefore not the product of re-cycling. The roof over the midden was intended to reduce leaching of potential plant nutrients through exposure to rainfall.

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