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main image Smelter, Carron, Stirlingshire
The first major ironworks in Scotland was set up at Carron in 1759. Initially it used ironstone mined along the Firth of Forth at Bo’ness, and brought by water to Carron. Coal was also plentiful nearby. The tall blast furnaces made a distinctive contribution to the landscape and clouds of smoke towered over Carron for 200 years.

A supply of cheap iron made possible a huge range of agricultural and industrial changes. Iron was used for ploughs, spades, shovels, steam boilers, steam engines and many other essential things.

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