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main image Longhill Mill, Urquhart, Moray
Scotland had several thousand grain mills, mostly for making oat and barley meal rather than flour.

Almost without exception mills had their own integral kiln for drying grain. This one (left end of building) has a tall kiln vent with a rotating cap. The water wheel is overshot.

Thirlage was a system whereby farmers had to use a particular mill. This kept their numbers artificially high until the late 18th century when they began to decline. Longhill was rebuilt in 1891 and last worked in 1972. This photograph was taken in April 1977.

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