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Organic fuels
Fossil fuels
main image Peat cutting, Shetland
Peat was formed from dead vegetation in waterlogged conditions. It was an important fuel in the Scottish Uplands and the Islands.

The peat was cut in late spring and early summer, using a special type of spade. The type of spade varied from region to region. In some areas peat was cut vertically, in others horizontally.

Once cut, the peat was dried and stacked beside people's homes. Peat was – and still is – an important fuel in the making of whisky, where its use in drying malted barley gives some whiskies a destinctive flavour.

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