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main image Water mill, Elcho, Perthshire
This engraving shows two millwrights repairing the lade (water lead) on a water mill. The tall building beyond is Elcho Castle.

Water wheels were very widely used in Scotland to power machinery. The commonest type were for powering grain mills; during the 19th century many farms had water-powered threshing machines. The next largest group were textile mills.

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