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Sun, wind and water
Animal and Human
Organic fuels
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main image Vaulted tower windmill, Balgone Barns, East Lothian
Windmills of this type are characteristicly Scottish, but are also found in Northern Ireland, possibly as a result of Scottish colonisation.

They appear to be early in date – 17th to early 18th century. Some have been converted into doocots in later times. The most complete example is at Hillhouse, Dunfermline, Fife.

Windmills were applied to a wide range of uses, from powering threshing machines to draining coal mines. Though widespread, they were far fewer in number than water mills.

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