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Pre-Improvement dykes
Lairds' parks
Hedges and fences
Gates and access
main image Repairing a dyke, Roxburghshire
Walls, fences or hedges were needed to separate growing crops from livestock. As stone was common almost everywhere, dykes (walls) were built in most areas, often without the use of mortar – hence 'drystone'. Specialist squads of dykers were needed to build walls which would withstand the test of time.

Here, Tom Arres and his squad are repairing a dyke near Jedburgh, in the late 1960s. The work on this section involves a complete rebuilding. Stone for building was gathered locally beforehand or quarried if necessary.

One or more wooden frames are set up with a vertical plumb line and horizontal lines of string to give a profile for the dyke.

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