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main image Antonine Wall, Rough Castle, Stirlingshire
Built by the Romans in AD 142-143, the Antonine Wall runs across Scotland from Carriden, West Lothian to Old Kilpatrick, Dunbartonshire.

The wall takes its name from the emperor Antoninus Pius, who ruled from AD 138. It was built of turf, on a stone base. In front of it a ditch was dug and in front of that an earthen mound, formed of material excavated from the ditch.

Forts were built along the line of the wall. Between AD 160-180, the Romans abandoned it and retreated to their former frontier, Hadrian's Wall.

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