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Pre-historic and Roman
Defensive houses
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main image Broch, Glenelg, Inverness-shire
Brochs were a uniquely Scottish solution to the problem of defending people and property against raiders. They were built between 200 BC and AD 400 and consisted of two stone walls, one inside the other, with wooden bracing between them.

A broch sited beside a settlement could house livestock when a threat appeared. Food may have been kept in brochs so that they could withstand a short siege, but without a water supply they could only have held out for a few days.

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