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Farm Buildings and Agricultural Settlement
Nucleation and dispersal
Agricultural Economy
Buildings for livestock
Buildings for grain and fodder
Buildings for land working
main image Buildings for threshing by horse and steam power, Wester Dalmeny, West Lothian
The threshing machine was invented in 1787 by Scotsman Andrew Meikle. Scottish farms were quick to put it to use. Power to drive it came from a range of sources: windmills, water wheels and horse engines. Steam power was little used until the 1820s.

Combined horse and steam power was very unusual, and so this site may have been unique. The polygonal building in the foreground housed the horse drive. The small building immediately behind contained the steam engine and boiler, linked to a now truncated chinmey stack to its right.

The long building behind housed threshing machinery (left) and a barn for threshed straw (right). The metal building on the far left was an early grain drier, dating from the 1930s, '40s or '50s and was used to dry combine harvested grain.

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