Great Helm

Approx. Period: 1400 AD
Length: 0.30m Width: 0.30m

The development of the helmet naturally progressed to the point where the whole head and face were enclosed. This round capped construction is known as the "Great Helm". It is likely that William Wallace and his higher ranking commander would have been wearing such a helmet in battle.

The Great Helm is constructed from shaped sheets of iron riveted into a cylindrical shape. The top is capped and the lower plate covering the mouth is slotted or pierced to allow the wearer to breath. The front of the helmet is reinforced by a brass cruciform across the nose and eye slot. A padded helmet cap would be worn inside and a chain mail aventail attached below to protect the neck, shoulders and upper body.