Ettrick Bow

Approx. Period: 1300 AD
Length: 1.5m Width: 0.05m

A substantial number of archers came from the Ettrick Forest near Selkirk in support of William Wallace and Robert the Bruce. Their weapons were small with a limited range. Though they were deployed in most of the major skirmishes, the bow never achieved the military significance of the English longbow, which was used to devastating effect in later English campaigns in Scotland.

The design of the bow and arrow had moved on little over the centuries from its basic format. The selection of the wood and its tapered curves had improved from experience, and the flint arrowhead tips had been replaced by iron bladed heads. The success of this weapon in the battles of the 14th century depended more on the skill of the archer than the effectiveness of his weapon.